GIZIMU

Penelusuran Referensi Pangan dan Gizi

Indikator Praktek Pemberian Makan Balita


Saat ini memilih indikator untuk menilai praktek pemberian makan balita, tidak lagi sulit. Mengapa ?, karena dalam kurun waktu 2008-2010 WHO dan UNICEF bekerjasama dengan organisasi dunia lainnya telah mengeluarkan beberapa Indikator praktek pemberian makan yang terdiri atas pengertian, cara pengukuran dan profil beberapa negara.

Secara umum, indikator dibagi menjadi 2 (dua) bagian, yaitu Core Indicators (indikator utama) dan Optional Indicators (Indikator pilihan), indikator-indikator tersebut antara lain :

Core indicators

  1. Early initiation of breastfeeding
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months
  3. Continued breastfeeding at 1 year
  4. Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods
  5. Minimum dietary diversity
  6. Minimum meal frequency
  7. Minimum acceptable diet
  8. Consumption of iron-rich or iron-fortified foods

Optional indicators

  1. Children ever breastfed
  2. Continued breastfeeding at 2 years
  3. Age-appropriate breastfeeding
  4. Predominant breastfeeding under 6 months
  5. Duration of breastfeeding
  6. Bottle feeding
  7. Milk feeding frequency of non-breastfed children

Jika indikator-indikator tersebut di bagi berdasarkan umur balita, maka pembagian indikator menjadi :

Anak umur 0-6 bulan

Core indicators

  1. Early initiation of breastfeeding
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

Optional indicators

  1. Children ever breastfed
  2. Age-appropriate breastfeeding
  3. Predominant breastfeeding under 6 months
  4. Duration of breastfeeding
  5. Bottle feeding
  6. Milk feeding frequency of non-breastfed children

Anak umur 6-24 bulan

Core indicators

  1. Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods
  2. Minimum dietary diversity
  3. Minimum meal frequency
  4. Minimum acceptable diet
  5. Consumption of iron-rich or iron-fortified foods

Optional indicators

  1. Children ever breastfed
  2. Age-appropriate breastfeeding
  3. Duration of breastfeeding
  4. Bottle feeding
  5. Milk feeding frequency of non-breastfed children

Beberapa indikator lain yang bisa anda gunakan tapi tidak tercantum di buku WHO & UNICEF di atas adalah :

  1. Maintenance of breastfeeding
  2. Responsive feeding
  3. Safe preparation and storage of complementary foods
  4. Amount of complementary food needed
  5. Food consistency
  6. Meal frequency and energy density
  7. Nutrient content of complementary foods
  8. Feeding during and after illness

Uraian lengkap tentang indikator-indikator tersebut di atas, termasuk contoh kuesioner (dalam bahasa ingggris) dapat anda download pada menu DOWNLOAD-MP-ASI

Semoga bermanfaat, Salam Gizi

2 comments on “Indikator Praktek Pemberian Makan Balita

  1. Pingback: Indikator Pendukung Penilaian Status Gizi Balita «

  2. dita
    21 April 2012

    gk ad yg bsa ddownload d sni, not found smw..:/

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